yellowbear

07 Nov 2017 97 views
 
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photoblog image Fort Royal Park 1 of several

Fort Royal Park 1 of several

The final great battle of the English Civil was was the battle of Worcester. 

 

Fort Royal was a Civil War sconce (or redoubt) on a small hill to the south-east of Worcester overlooking the Sidbury Gate. It was built by the Royalists in 1651 to defend the hill, because during the siege in 1646Parliamentary forces had positioned their artillery on the hill and had been able to severely damage the city's walls.[1]

During the final stages of the Battle of Worcester, fought on 3 September 1651, the last battle of the war and a Parliamentary victory, the Royalists retreat turned into a rout in which Parliamentarian and Royalist forces intermingled and skirmished up to and into the city. The Royalist position became untenable when the Essex militia stormed and captured Fort Royal, turning the Royalist guns to fire on Worcester.

In early April 1786, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson visited Fort Royal Hill at the battlefield at Worcester. Adams wrote

Edgehill and Worcester were curious and interesting to us, as scenes where freemen had fought for their rights. The people in the neighborhood appeared so ignorant and careless at Worcester, that I was provoked, and asked, "And do Englishmen so soon forget the ground where liberty was fought for? Tell your neighbors and your children that this is holy ground; much holier than that on which your churches stand. All England should come in pilgrimage to this hill once a year." This animated them, and they seemed much pleased with it. Perhaps their awkwardness before might arise from their uncertainty of our sentiments concerning the civil wars.

— John Adams.

On 23 October 2009 a Virginian oak tree was planted in Fort Royal Park by Rear Admiral Ronald H. Henderson, Defence Attaché to the Embassy of the United States, to commemorate this occasion.

 

 

 

Fort Royal Park 1 of several

The final great battle of the English Civil was was the battle of Worcester. 

 

Fort Royal was a Civil War sconce (or redoubt) on a small hill to the south-east of Worcester overlooking the Sidbury Gate. It was built by the Royalists in 1651 to defend the hill, because during the siege in 1646Parliamentary forces had positioned their artillery on the hill and had been able to severely damage the city's walls.[1]

During the final stages of the Battle of Worcester, fought on 3 September 1651, the last battle of the war and a Parliamentary victory, the Royalists retreat turned into a rout in which Parliamentarian and Royalist forces intermingled and skirmished up to and into the city. The Royalist position became untenable when the Essex militia stormed and captured Fort Royal, turning the Royalist guns to fire on Worcester.

In early April 1786, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson visited Fort Royal Hill at the battlefield at Worcester. Adams wrote

Edgehill and Worcester were curious and interesting to us, as scenes where freemen had fought for their rights. The people in the neighborhood appeared so ignorant and careless at Worcester, that I was provoked, and asked, "And do Englishmen so soon forget the ground where liberty was fought for? Tell your neighbors and your children that this is holy ground; much holier than that on which your churches stand. All England should come in pilgrimage to this hill once a year." This animated them, and they seemed much pleased with it. Perhaps their awkwardness before might arise from their uncertainty of our sentiments concerning the civil wars.

— John Adams.

On 23 October 2009 a Virginian oak tree was planted in Fort Royal Park by Rear Admiral Ronald H. Henderson, Defence Attaché to the Embassy of the United States, to commemorate this occasion.

 

 

 

comments (10)

  • Ray
  • Thailand
  • 7 Nov 2017, 03:01
That fieldpiece looks promising, Bill...the walls will go!
Bill Phillips: They did Ray
Well that is very special indeed, Bill.
Bill Phillips: This was the first time we had ever been to this park
  • Chris
  • Not Nowhere
  • 7 Nov 2017, 06:42
We forget or we don't know of all the gallant or ghastly things that have happened virtually on our doorsteps
Bill Phillips: Worcester known as the faithful city changed sides faster than a speeding cannonball once it saw which way the wind was blowing
Merci pour ce partage très interessant !
Bill Phillips: Worcester played a significant role in English history
  • Philine
  • Germany
  • 7 Nov 2017, 07:33
Yes, Worcester is an important place for the English history and for some other reasons!
Bill Phillips: Very true Philine smile
  • Alan
  • Great Britain (UK)
  • 7 Nov 2017, 08:02
So most of our history has been forgotten or even not known by many so it is good the memorials such as this may at least get some interest.
Bill Phillips: I suspect most of us know very little about the civil war. Apart from who won
  • gutteridge
  • Somewhere in deep space
  • 7 Nov 2017, 08:18
I am reading a book about it now Bill. That relief makes it seem are rather crowded and confusing battle scene.
Bill Phillips: Which it probably was. I started reading the book you gave me but haven't finished it yet. Could be a year or two
  • Lisl
  • England
  • 7 Nov 2017, 14:36
So much waste of English blood, Bill
Bill Phillips: It was the bloodiest war in english history in terms of the percentage of the population who died
I've never elarnt much about the Civil War although I was aware Worcester featured somehow.
Bill Phillips: It was where it all ended and from where the future charles II managed to escape
Interesting times!
Bill Phillips: To say the least!

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